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Homemade Pico de Gallo

Pico de gallo is a fresh tomato salsa that makes a daily appearance on many Mexican tables.  It is used on tacos, served with enchiladas and quesadillas, and a great companion to all kinds of grilled foods.  But truly it’s the perfect partner to pretty much any Mexican or simply cooked food.  Not to mention the best dipper for tortilla chips ever.

Pico de Gallo

What is in Pico de Gallo?

Tomatoes – the starring ingredient in this fresh tomato salsa.  Make sure your tomatoes are nicely ripe for the best flavor.  Traditionally pico de gallo is made with red tomatoes, but you are certainly welcome to play with other colors, or heirloom tomatoes.

Jalapeno pepper – the hot pepper brings the heat!  Se below for information about seeding the pepper.  You can also use a serrano pepper if you like.

Cilantro – this is the traditional fresh herb used in pico de gallo.  Start with two tablespoons, and add more if you like.  Some folks like a very strong cilantro presence, while others like a milder herb flavor.  Yes, if you have cilantro haters in your family, you could skip it, but it is a non-negotiable ingredient in authentic pico de gallo. Only use fresh here!

Lime juice – even though there is acidity in the tomatoes, most pico de gallo salsas have lime juice added for that delicious acidic pop of citrus flavor.

Onion – brings that delightful spicy sharpness – dial the amount up or down as you wish.

Salt and pepper – you can hold back on the pepper if the heat from the peppers and the onions is enough, but make sure to season generously with salt.  Start with ¼  teaspoon of kosher salt, and see what you think.

Pico de Gallo

Pico de Gallo: The quintessential fresh tomato salsa from Mexico, chunky with tomatoes, hot peppers, cilantro and onions.

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What Does Pico de Gallo Mean?

Pico de gallo translates to “rooster’s beak” or “beak of rooster”.  The name may have come from the act of pinching one’s fgfingers together like a rooster’s beak to eat the chopped mixture, but that’s not clear.  But there are no roosters involved in the making of this salsa!

What is the Difference Between Pico de Gallo and Salsa?

Pico de gallo is a type of salsa, but when people refer to salsa they often mean a more liquidy sauce with some pureed or crushed tomatoes.  This fresh tomato salsa is made up of mostly chopped vegetables and herbs, with only the juices from the tomato forming the liquid that holds the salsa together.  If you want a less watery pico de gallo then you can drain the juice from the salsa before serving (but you should add that liquid to a sauce or soup!)

How to Make Pico de Gallo

Pico de Gallo also might be called fresh tomato salsa, salsa fresca, salsa bandera, salsa Mexicana or salsa cruda.  

Is Pico de Gallo Spicy?

That’s up to you!  This recipe calls for a jalapeno pepper, though you can use a serrano if you like.  Most of the heat in a hot pepper resides I the seeds, so if you remove all of the seeds you will just have the mild heat from the flesh of the pepper.  Leave in some seeds more a nbit more heat, and feel free to leave in all the seeds if you are looking for a super spicy salsa!

How to Store Pico de Gallo

This salsa is best served on the day it was made, though it will last for several days in a tightly sealed container in the refrigerator.   

Homemade Pico de Gallo

What to Serve with Pico de Gallo

Pico de Gallo Salsa

Other Salsa Recipes:

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Pico de Gallo

5 from 1 vote
Prep: 15 minutes
Cook: 0 minutes
Total: 15 minutes
Servings: 8 People
The quintessential fresh tomato salsa from Mexico, chunky with tomatoes, hot peppers, cilantro and onions.


  • 2 medium-size ripe tomatoes , seeded and diced
  • 1 jalapeño pepper , with or without seeds, finely chopped
  • ¼ cup finely chopped onion
  • 2 to 3 tablespoons minced fresh cilantro
  • 1 tablespoon fresh lime juice
  • ¼ teaspoon kosher salt , or to taste
  • ¼ teaspoon freshly ground black pepper , or to taste


  • Combine the tomatoes, jalapeño, onion, cilantro, lime juice, salt, and pepper in a medium-size bowl.
  • Serve right away or refrigerate, covered, until ready to serve.


Makes about 2½ cups.


Calories: 8kcal, Carbohydrates: 2g, Protein: 1g, Fat: 1g, Saturated Fat: 1g, Polyunsaturated Fat: 1g, Monounsaturated Fat: 1g, Sodium: 75mg, Potassium: 85mg, Fiber: 1g, Sugar: 1g, Vitamin A: 282IU, Vitamin C: 7mg, Calcium: 5mg, Iron: 1mg

Nutrition information is automatically calculated, so should only be used as an approximation.

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